Some of the World's most fascinating and endangered birds are endemic to Madagascar.
The red Island has bird species only about 265. But it holds more endemic genera (37) than any other African country. Another 25 species belong to interesting genera unique to the Western Indian Ocean islands.
To see the bulk of Madagascar's birds, you'll need to visit at least 1 site in each of the island's 3 chief climatic/floristic zones: eastern rainforest, southern spiny bush and western tropical deciduous forest. Each of these holds its own complement of endemics.
In addition, a select band of birds is dependent on the island's dwindling wetlands, so be sure to include certain more accessible marshes, lakes and estuaries in your itinerary. Most birders also visit the transition forest of Zombitse National Park.
During a stay of 2-3 weeks, you should be able to tick off most of the sought-after lifers, as well as a remarkable array of lemurs, reptiles, frogs, invertebrates and the fascinating flora.
A review of the Birding Hotspots:
*Eastern Rainforest: Masoala National Park, Perinet Reserve & Mantadia National Park, Ranomafana National Park.
*Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest: Ankarafantsika Reserve & Ampijoroa Forest Station.
*Transition Forest: Zombitse National Park.
*Southern sub-arid thorn thicket: Ifaty Beach, St Augustin Bay, Andohahela National Park.